This in-depth review on the current state of commercially available consumer EEG devices was published on December 30th, 2019 in IEEE Sensors Journal, by the Brain group at VISTEC. This paper is the group’s fifth publication in IEEE. Awesome work!
“Since the launch of the first consumer grade EEG measuring sensors ‘NeuroSky Mindset’ in 2007, the market has witnessed an introduction of at least one new product every year by competing manufacturers, which include NeuroSky, Emotiv, interaXon and OpenBCI. There are numerous variations in the make and versions, but these products clearly share the key selling points of affordability, portability, and ease of use. These features are patently well placed provided one of the main objectives for their development is to attract a new target group of commercial users. Nevertheless, with several decades of traditional EEG usage in clinical and experimental settings, the shift toward commercial and engineering sides has not been achieved without skepticism. With this in mind, researchers in related fields have been tirelessly working to ensure that these putatively novel features were not introduced at the expense of efficiency and accuracy by conducting validation studies to compare the performance of data derived from consumer grade EEG devices with ones from standard research grade counterparts. In this review, we seek to provide the detail of the products supplied by the major players, summarize studies that evaluate consumer product’s performance against research grade devices, the key areas of applications that these consumer grade devices have been employed in over the past five years or so, and finally give our perspectives on the limitations and what these innovative tools could offer going forward in terms of research and commercial applications.”